Punjab Panchayati Raj Act, 1994

Punjab Panchayati Raj Act, 1994

 

THE PUNJAB PANCHAYATI RAJ ACT

Punjab Act 9 of 1994

 

Contents

SN

Section

1.       

Short title, extent and commencement

2.       

Definitions

CHAPTER – II

GRAM SABHAS AND GRAM PANCHAYATS

3.       

Establishment of Gram Sabha areas

4.       

Constitution of Gram Sabhas

5.       

Meeting and quorum of Gram Sabha

6.       

Presiding Officer

7.       

Budget and annual report of Gram Sabha

8.       

Resolution of majority votes

9.       

Function of Gram Sabha

10.   

Constitution of Gram Panchayat

11.   

Reservation of the seats for the offices of the Panches

12.   

Reservation of seats for the office of Sarpanch

13.   

Oath of Panches and Sarpanches

14.   

Term of office of Sarpanch and Panch

15.   

Term of office of Gram Panchayat

16.   

Powers, functions and duties of Sarpanch

17.   

Resignation of Sarpanch

18.   

Resignation of Panches

19.   

No-Confidence motion against Sarpanch

20.   

Suspension and removal of Panch and Sarpanch

21.   

Cessation from office of Sarpanch or Panch

22.   

Filling of casual vacancies of Sarpanch and Panches

23.   

Meeting of Gram Panchayat

24.   

Quorums and Procedure

25.   

Standing Committees of Gram Panchayats

26.   

Constitution of panchayat Secretaries Service

27.   

Other employees of the Gram Panchayats

28.   

Provident Fund and gratuity for servants

29.   

Dissolution of Gram Panchayat

CHAPTER – III

FUNCTIONS, POWERS AMD DUTIES OF GRAM PANCHAYATS

30.   

Functions of Gram Panchayats

31.   

Assignment of functions of Gram Panchayats

32.   

Special functions of Gram Panchayat

33.   

Delegated functions of Gram Panchayats

34.   

Power to require removal of encroachments and nuisance

35.   

Power of Gram Panchayat to make general order

36.   

Penalty for disobedience of special or general order of the Gram Panchayat

37.   

Appeal against orders of Gram Panchayat

38.   

power to enquire and make report about misconduct of petty officials

39.   

Supervision of patwaris

40.   

Power to introduce prohibition

41.   

Power to make Bye-laws

42.   

Power of entry and Inspection

43.   

Power regarding naming of streets and numbering of buildings

CHAPTER – IV

JUDICIAL FUNCTIONS OF GRAM PANCHAYATS

44.   

Powers and jurisdiction of Gram Panchayat over criminal offences

45.   

Transfer of proceedings

46.   

Exclusion of certain case

47.   

Cognizance of criminal cases

48.   

Action on complaint

49.   

Power of Gram Panchayat to refuse to entertain criminal case

50.   

Proceeding on failure of the accused to appear

51.   

Prompt disposal of criminal cases

52.   

Punishment. A Gram Panchayat may on conviction

53.   

Compensation

54.   

Conviction by Gram Panchayat not Previous Conviction

55.   

Supervision of Criminal proceedings by Chief Judicial Magistrate

56.   

Civil, revenue and judicial powers

57.   

Gram Panchayat to he deemed to be civil or revenue court

58.   

Limits to jurisdiction

59.   

Transfer of suits

60.   

Exclusion of Gram Panchayat jurisdiction

61.   

Limitation

62.   

Institution of suits

63.   

Wrong institution of suits

64.   

Summary dismissal

65.   

Necessary Parties in suits

66.   

Summons

67.   

Dismissal in default and restoration

68.   

Ex pane decision

69.   

Final decision

70.   

Supervision

71.   

Supervisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, and the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 to apply only where provided

72.   

Bar to Personal interests

73.   

Compromise and decision on oath

74.   

Bar to legal practitioners

75.   

Appearance of agents

76.   

Difficulties in respect of having no jurisdiction

77.   

Attendance witnesses

78.   

Processes

79.   

Transfer application

80.   

Stay of proceedings

81.   

Payment by installments

82.   

Finality of decisions

83.   

Custody of money

84.   

Contempt of Court

CHAPTER – V

PROPERTY, FUNDS, FINANCE AND ACCOUNTS OF GRAM PANCHAYATS

85.   

Property of Gram Panchayat

86.   

Gram Panchayat Fund

87.   

Custody and maintenance of Gram Panchayat records properties

88.   

Taxation measures by Gram Panchayat

89.   

Financial assistance to Gram Panchayats

90.   

Power to exempt from taxes and to write off irrecoverable amounts

91.   

Expenses of Gram Panchayats

92.   

Recovery of dues as arrears of revenue

93.   

Power of Gram Panchayat to borrow

94.   

Special tax and Community Service

95.   

Budget of Gram Panchayat

96.   

Accounts of Gram Panchayat

97.   

Audit of Accounts of Gram Panchayats

CHAPTER – VI

CONSTITUTION OF PANCHAYAT SAMITIS AND CONDUCT OF THEIR BUSINESS

98.   

Establishment of Panchayat Samitt

99.   

Composition of Panchayat Samitis

100.          

Determination of number of directly elected members of Panchayat Samitis

101.          

Delimitation of Territorial constituencies

102.          

Reservation of seats of Panchayat Samitis

103.          

Duration of Panchayat Samiti

104.          

Notification of election and Oath of allegiance by members of Panchayat Samitis

105.          

Elections of Chairman and Vice-Chairman and term of office

106.          

Reservation for the offices of Chairmen Vice-Chairmen of Panchayat Samitis

107.          

Rotation of reserved seats and offices after each Census

108.          

Allowances to Chairman, Vice-Chairman and other members of Panchayat Samitis

109.          

Powers, functions and duties of Chairman of Panchayat Samitis

110.          

Extraordinary Powers of Chairman and executive Officer of Panchayat Samitis

111.          

Powers, Function of Vice-Chairman of Panchayat Samitis

112.          

Resignation or removal of Chairman and Vice-Chairman of Panchayat Samiti

113.          

Suspension and removal of members of Panchayat Samitis

114.          

Dissolution of Panchayat Samiti

115.          

Filling of casual vacancies of member, Chairman and Vice Chairman of Panchayat Samiti

116.          

Meeting of Panchayat Samiti

117.          

Defect or irregularity not to vitiate proceedings of Panchayat Samiti

118.          

Executive Powers of Panchayat Samitis

119.          

Functions and duties of Panchayat Samiti

120.          

Entrustment of functions to Panchayat Samitis

121.          

Relationship of Panchayat Samiti with Gram Panchayat

122.          

Power of Panchayat Samiti to make bye-laws

123.          

Penalty for infringement of bye-laws

124.          

Penalty for disobedience orders of Panchayat Samiti

125.          

Compensation for damage

126.          

Penalty for obstructions

127.          

Prosecution

128.          

Payment of compensation

129.          

Power to recover sums of money claimable by Panchayat Samiti

130.          

Power of Panchayat Samiti to delegate

131.          

Joint work and undertakings

132.          

Acquisition of land and other immovable property

133.          

Procedure when acquisition by agreement not possible

134.          

Standing Committees of Panchayat Samiti

135.          

Functions of General Standing Committee of Panchayat Samiti

136.          

Procedure of Standing Committees of Panchayat Samitis

137.          

Power of Panchayat Samiti to acquire hold and dispose of property

138.          

Panchayat Samiti Fund

139.          

Vesting, custody and investment of Panchayat Samiti Fund

140.          

Application of Panchayat Samiti Fund

141.          

Minimum balance in Panchayat Samiti Fund

142.          

Annual Estimates of income and expenditure

143.          

Audit of Accounts of Panchayat Samitis

144.          

Inspection of Budget and Accounts of Panchayat Samiti

145.          

Publication of abstract of account of Panchayat Samitis

146.          

The Local Rate

147.          

Liability of local rate

148.          

Appropriation of the proceeds of local rate

149.          

Fixation measures by Panchayat Samitis

150.          

Procedure for imposing taxes under Section 149

151.          

Power of Panchayat Samiti in to raise loans

152.          

Expenses of Panchayat Samiti

153.          

Recovery of rates, taxes etc

154.          

Appointment of Executive Officer and his functions

155.          

Employment of Staff and Panchayat Samitis

156.          

Punishment and dismissal of employees of Panchayat Samitis

157.          

State Government employees to be placed at the disposal of Panchayat Samitis

158.          

Government Employees Conduct Rules to apply to employees of Panchayat Samitis

159.          

Employees of Panchayat Samiti not to be concerned in contracts

160.          

Employees etc. to be public servants

CHAPTER – VII

CONSTITUTION OF ZILA PARISHADS AND CONDUCT OF THEIR BUSINESS

161.          

Establishment of Zila Parishads

162.          

Composition of Zila Parishad

163.          

Determination of number of directly elected members of Zila Parishads

164.          

De-limitation of Territorial Constituencies of Zila Parishads

165.          

Reservation of seats of Zila Parishads

166.          

Duration of Zila Parishads

167.          

Notification'hf election and oath of &Ue~ce by Member of Zfla Padshad

168.          

Election of Chairman and Vice-Chairman of Zila Parishad

169.          

Reservation of offices of Chairmen and Vice-Chairmen of Parishads

170.          

Rotation of reserved seats and offices after each Census

171.          

Allowances to the Chairmen and Vice Chairmen and Member of Zila Parishad

172.          

Powers functions and duties of the Chairmen and Vice-Chairmen of Zila Parishads

173.          

Extraordinary powers of Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Zila Parishad

174.          

Resignation of Chairmen and Vice-Chairmen of Zila Parishads

175.          

No-confidence motion against Chairman and Vice-Chairman, of Zila Parishad

176.          

Resignation of members of Zila Parishad

177.          

Filling of casual vacancies

178.          

Dissolution of Zila Parishads

179.          

Meetings of Zila Parishads

180.          

Functions of Zila Parishads

181.          

Duties and powers of Zila Parishad

182.          

Assignment of functions of Zila Parishad

183.          

Power of Zila Parishad delegate

184.          

Standing Committee of Zila Parishads

185.          

Functions of the Standing Committee of Zila Parishad

186.          

Procedure of standing committees Zila Parishads

187.          

Power of Zila Parishads to acquire, hold and dispose of property

188.          

Zila Parishad Fund

189.          

Taxation measure by Zila Parishad

190.          

Financial arrangement by Zila Parishads

191.          

Recovery of rates, taxes etc

192.          

Budget of Zila Parishad

193.          

Account of Zila Parishads

194.          

Audit of Accounts of Zila Parishads

195.          

Chief Executive Officer and Officer of Zila Parishads

196.          

Staff of the Zila Parishad

197.          

Functions of Chief Executive Officer of Zila Parishad

198.          

Recovery of money by Chief Executive Officer of Zila & Parishad

CHAPTER – VIII

CHAR CONTROL AND SUPERVISION

199.          

Power to cancel or suspend resolutions of Panchayat

200.          

Default of duties by the Panchayats

201.          

Power to call for proceedings of Panchayat

202.          

Emergency powers of the State Government

203.          

Access to or seizure of record of Panchayats

204.          

Power to issue directions

205.          

Inquiry into affairs of Panchayats

206.          

Right of State Government Officers to attend meetings of Panchayats

207.          

General powers of State Government and Commissioners

CHAPTER – IX

MISCELLANEOUS

208.          

Disqualification for Membership

209.          

Power of State Government to direct holding of general elections

210.          

Election Commission to conduct Panchayat

211.          

Continuation of existing Panchayats

212.          

Existing institutions to continue till new institutions are established

213.          

Election to he held within six months where Panchayat is not functioning

214.          

District Planning Committees

215.          

Disputes between Panchayats and other bodies

216.          

Liability of members of Panchayat

217.          

Right of appeal of employees

218.          

Protection of action in good faith

219.          

Authentication of orders etc.

220.          

Relation of Panchayat with police

221.          

Delegation of powers

222.          

Over-riding effect on other laws.

223.          

Power to remove difficulties

224.          

Panchayats to be local authorities

225.          

Power of Panchayats to make regulations

226.          

Power of State Government to make/Model regulations

227.          

Power to make Rules

228.          

Repeal and Savings

 

Notification

No. 9-Leg/94 – The Following Act of the Legislature of the State of Punjab received the assent of the President of India on 20th April, 1994, and is hereby published for general information: -

 

The Punjab Panchayati Raj Act

(Punjab Act No 9 of 1994)

 

An Act to replace the Punjab Gram Panchayat Act, 1992, relating to Gram Panchayats, and the Punjab Panchayat Samitis and Zila Parishads Act, 1961, relating to the Panchayat Samities and Zila Parishads by a comprehensive new enactment;

 

            Whereas it is expedient to replace the present enactments by a comprehensive new enactment to establish a three-tier Panchayati Raj system in the State of Punjab with elected bodies at the village, Block and District levels, in keeping with the provisions of the Constitution (Seventy-third Amendment) Act, 1992 for greater participation of the people and more effective implementation of rural development and Panchayati Raj system.

 

            Be it enacted by the State Legislature of the State of Punjab in the forty-fifth year of the Republic of India as follows: -

 

1.         Short title, extent and commencement. (1) This Act may be called the Punjab Panchayati Raj Act, 1994.

(2)              It extends to the whole of the State of Punjab.

(3)              It shall come into force on such date as the State Government may, by notification, in the Official Gazette, appoint.

 

CHAPTER – I

2.         Definitions In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires -

(a)              “annual value” means –

(i)                 double the land revenue for the time being assessed on any land, whether the assessment is leviable or not; or

(ii)               where the land has been permanently assessed, or has been wholly or in part compounded for or redeemed, double the amount which, but for such permanent assessment, composition or redemption, would have been leviable; or

(iii)              where no land revenue has been assessed, double the amount which would have been assessed if the average village rate had been applied:

 

Provided that, in any tract in which, under the settlement for the time being in force, the improvement of the land due to canal irrigation has been excluded from account in assessing the land revenue and a rate has been imposed in respect of such improvement, that rate shall be added to the land revenue for the purpose of computing the annual value;

(b)    “Backward Classes” means such classes of citizens as may be notified by the State Government from time to time;

(c)    “Block” means such area in a district as may be declared by the State Government by notification, to be a Block.

(d)    “Block Development and Panchayat Officer” means the Block Development and Panchayat Officer and included any other officer appointed by the State Government to perform all or any of the functions of the Block Development and Panchayat Officer under this Act;

(e)    “business” includes any trade, commerce or manufacture or an adventure or concern in the nature of trade, commerce or manufacture;

(f)     “building” means any shop, house, hut, out-house, shed or stable, whether used for the purpose of human habitation or otherwise and whether of masonry, brick, wood, mud, tha5tch, metal or any other material whatever, and includes a wall and a well;

(g)    “bye-laws” means bye-laws made by a Gram Panchayat, or a Panchayat Samiti or a Zila Parishad under this Act;

(h)    “Chairman or Vice-Chairman” means the Chairman or the Vice-Chairman of a Panchayat Samiti or a Zila Parishad, as the case may be;

(i)     “Chief Executive Officer” means Chief Executive Officer of a Zila Parishad appointed under this Act;

(j)     “Collector” means the Collector of a district and includes any officer not below the rank of a District Development and Panchayat Officer specially appointed by the State Government to perform the functions of a Collector under this Act;

(k)    “Commissioner” means the Divisional Commissioner or such other officer as may be appointed by the State Government to exercise the powers of a Commissioner under this Act;

(l)     “Common land” means land which is not in the exclusive use of any individual and has by usage, custom or prescription been reserved for the common purposes of village community or has been acquired for such purposes;

(m)   “casual vacancy” means a vacancy occurring otherwise than by efflux of time;

(n)    “Deputy Chief Executive Officer” means an officer not below the rank of District Development and Panchayat Officer to be appointed under this Act as such for a Zila Parishad;

(o)    “Deputy Commissioner” means the Deputy Commissioner of a district and includes any officer not below the rank of an Extra Assistant Commissioner specially appointed by the State Government to perform the functions of a Deputy commissioner under this Act;

(p)    “Deputy Director” means an Officer appointed by the State Government to perform the functions of a Deputy Director under the Act;

(q)    “Director” means the Director of Panchayats appointed under this Act and includes any officer not below the rank of Deputy Director appointed by the State Government ot perform the functions of the Director;

(r)     “District” means a revenue District in the State;

(s)     “District Development and Panchayat Officer” means a District Development and Panchayat Officer and includes an officer appointed by the State Government to perform the functions of a District Development and Panchayat Officer under this Act;

(t)     “Election Commissioner” means the Election Commission constituted under Article 243-K of the Constitution of India for the State of Punjab;

(u)    “Erection or Re-erection or Enlargement” of any building includes-

(i)                      any material alteration or enlargement of any building;

(ii)                     the conversion, by structural alteration, into a place of human habitation of any building not originally constructed for human habitation;

(iii)                   the conversion of two or more places of human habitation into a lesser number of such places;

(iv)                   the conversion of one or more places of human habitation into a greater number of such places;

(v)                    such alteration of a building as would effect a change in the drainage or sanitary arrangements or materially affect its security;

(vi)                   the addition of any rooms, buildings, out-houses or their structures to any building;

(vii)                 the conversion, by any structural alteration, into a place of religious worship or into a building used for a sacred purpose of any place or bu9ilding not originally meant or constructed for such purpose;

(viii)                roofing or covering an open space between walls or buildings, in respect of the structure which is formed by roofing or covering such space;

(ix)                   conversion into a stall, shop, warehouse or godown of any building not originally constructed for use as such or vice versa;

(x)                    construction of a door in a wall adjoining any street or land not vested in the owner of the wall and opening on such street or land;

(v)    “Executive Officer” means an Executive Officer of a Panchayat Samiti constituted under this Act;

(w)   “existing law” means the Punjab Gram Panchayat Act, 1952 (Punjab Act4 of 1953) or the Punjab Panchayat Samitis and Zila Parishad Act, 1961 (Punjab Act 3 of 1961) as the case may be;

(x)    “Factory” means besides a factory as defined in the Factories Act, 1948 (Central Act 13 of 1948) and any premises including any premises where in any industrial manufacturing or trade process is carried on with the aid of stream, water, oil, gas, electrical or any other form of power which is mechanically transmitted and is not generated by human or animal agency;

(y)    “Gram Sabha” means a body consisting of persons registered as voters in the electoral rolls of the area of the Gram Panchayat, constituted under Section 3 of this Act;

(z)     “Gram Sabha area” means territorial area of a Gram Sabha;

(za)   “Gram Panchayat” means an institution of self-government for a  Gram Sabha area constituted under Section 9;

(zb)   “land” means land assessed to land revenue and includes land whereof the land revenue has been wholly or in part released, compounded for, redeemed or assigned;

(zc)   “land-holder” means any person responsible for the payment of the land revenue, if any, assessed on land and includes the proprietor of land, the land revenue of which has been wholly, or in part released, compounded for redeemed or assigned;

(zd)   “latrine” includes a privy, water-closet and urinal;

(ze)   “local authority” includes a Municipal Corporation, Municipal Committee, Zila Parishad, Panchayat Samiti, Gram Panchayat,Sanitary Board, Town Board, Notified Area Committee, Improvement Trust, Urban Development Authority and Planning Authority constituted under this Act of under any law for the time being in force;

(zf)   “market” means a place for the sale of goods or animals publically exposed where ordinarily or periodically at least four shops, stalls or sheds are set up or where at least ten animals are brought for sale;

(zg)   “member’ means a member of a Gram Panchayat, a Panchayat Samiti or Zila Parishad and includes Sarpanch of a Gram Panchayat and Chairman and Vice-Chairman of Panchayat Samiti or Zila Parishad;

(zh)   “occupier” means any person in actual possession of any land or building or part thereof and includes an owner in actual possession and the tenant or licensee whether such tenant or licensee is liable to pay rent or not;

(zi)    "Panch" means a member of the Gram Panchayat elected under this Act and Includes a Sarpanch;

(zj) "Panchayat" means a Gram Panchayat, Panchayat Samiti and Zila Parishad constituted under this Act;

(zk) "Panchayat area" means the territorial area of a Panchayat or Panchayat Samiti or Zila Parishad;

(zi) "Panchayat Samiti" means a Panchayat Samiti constituted for a Block under this Act;

(zm) "Panchayat Secretary" means the Secretary of the Gram Panchayat appointed under this Act;

(zn) "Population" means the population as ascertained at the last preceding census of which the relevant figures have been published;

(zo) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act;

(zp) "public nuisance" Includes any act, omission, place or thing which causes or Is likely to cause Injury, danger, annoyance or offence to the sense of sight, smell or hearing or disturbance to rest or sleep or which is or may be dangerous to life or injurious to the health or property of the public or of the people in general, who dwell In the vicinity or of persons who may have occasion to exercise a public right;

(zq) "public place” means a any place, building or structure situated within a Panchayat area to which the public has free access;

(zr) "Public servant" means a public servant as defined In section 21 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 and shall Include a Panch and a Sarpanch or member of a Panchayat Samiti or a member of a Zila Parishad.

(zs)   “public street’ means a pathway, road, street, bridge, lane, square, court, alley or passage in  a village, which the public has a right to use, and includes the drains or gutters on either side and the land , up to the defined boundary of any abutting property, notwithstanding any projection over such side of any of any verandah or other superstructure;

(zt) "Sarpanch" means Sarpanch of the Gram Panchayat elected under Section 10 of the this Act;

(zu)   “Schedule” means a Scheduled appended to this Act;

(zv) "Schedule Caste" means the Scheduled Caste specified in respect of the State of Punjab in the Constitution (Scheduled Caste) Order, 1950 for the time being in force;

(zw) "Social Education and Panchayat Officer" means Social Education and Panchayat officer and include an officer appointed by the State Government to perform the functions of a Social Education and Panchayat Officer under this Act;

(zx)   “Standing Committee” means a Standing Committee constituted for a Gram Panchayat, a Panchayat Samiti or a Zila Parishad under this Act;

(zy)   “Sub-Division Officer” means the officer-in-charge of a Sub-Division of a District constituted for revenue and general purposes;

(zz)   "tax” includes a cess, duty fee rate, toll or other impost leviable under this Act;

(zza) “Village” means any local area, recorded as a revenue estate in the revenue records of the district in which it is situated;

(zzb) “Village level functionary” in relation to a Gram Sabha area means any person performing his official duties in that Gram Sabha area and includes Patwari, School Teacher, Secretary of a Co-operative Society, and Forest Guard;

(zzc) “Watercourse” means any channel which is maintained at the cost of irrigators and is supplied with water from any canal to which either the Northern India Canal and Drainage Act, 1873 or the Punjab Minor Canals Act, 1905 or any other Act for the time being inforce applies and includes all subsidiary works connected with such channel except the sluice or outlet through which water is supplied to such channel;

(zzd) “Zila Parishad” means a Zila Parishad of a a district constituted under this Act;

(zze) the expressions “offence”, “non-bailable offence”, “cognizable offence”, “complaint”, “officer-in-charge of a police station” and “police station” have the same meanings as in section 2 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973;

(zzf)  the expressions “decree-holder”, “judgment-debtor”, “legal representative” and “movable property” have the same meanings as in section 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908;

(zzg) the expressions “landowner”, “tenant” and “land revenue” have the same meanings as in the Punjab Land Revenue Act, 1887;

(zzh) words the expression used but not defined in this Act shall have the meanings assigned to them in the law for the time being in force relating to the Gram Panchayats, Municipalities, District Boards and market Committees.

 

 

 

CHAPTER – II

GRAM SABHAS AND GRAM PANCHAYATS

 

3.         Establishment of Gram Sabha areas. (1) The State Government may, by notification, declare any village or group of contiguous villages with a population of not less than two hundred to constitute a Gram Sabha area:

            Provided that a new Gram Sabha area may be constituted for any village or group of contiguous villages in respect of a separate distinct abadi or group of abadis having a population of not less than two hundred taking into consideration its physical distance from the main village or villages, as the case may be and other relevant facts:

            Provided further that neither the whole nor any part of –

(a)                             a Notified Area under Section 241 of the Punjab Municipal- Act, 1911, or any other Act for the time being in force: or

(b)                             a Cantonment; or

(c)                             a Municipality of any class., or

(d)                             a Municipal Corporation;

shall be included in a Gram Sabha area unless the majority of voters in any Notified Area or Municipality of the Third Class desire the establishment of a Gram Sabha In which case &&c assets and liabilities, if any, of the Notified Area Committee or the Municipal Committee, as the, base may be, shall vest in the Gram Panchayat of that Gram Sabha and the Notified Area Committee or the Municipal Committee shall cease to exist.

(2) That State Government may, by notification, Include any area in or exclude any area from the Gram Sabha area.

(3) (i) where any area excluded from any Gram Sabha area under sub-section (2) Is either Included In any other Gram Sabha area or 1,9 constituted Into a new Gram Sabha area, the assets and liabilities of the Grain Panchayat of the Gram Sabha area from which such area is so excluded (hereinafter referred to as the existing Gram Panchayat) shall be apportioned between the successor Gram Panchayats In the manner specified hereinafter.

(ii) All lands and all stores, articles and other goods belonging to the existing Gram Panchayat shall, -

(a) If within the Gram Sabha area of that Gram Panchayat pass on to the successor Gram Panchayat in whose Gram Sabha area they are situated;

(b) If outside the Gram Sabha area of that Gram Panchayat be apportioned between the successor Gram Panchayats according to population ratio;

(iii) The Gram Fund, Bank Balances grants received from the State Government from time to time shall be apportioned between the successor Gram Panchayats according to the population ratio:

Provided that a grant given by the State Government for the development of an area which forms part of the Gram Sabha area of any of the successor Gram Panchayats shall be transferred to that successor Gram Panchayat.

(iv) The right to recover arrears of ally tax on property shall belong to the successor Gram Panchayat in whose Gram 5abha area the property is situated and the right to recover any other tax Imposed by the existing Gram Panchayat shall belong to the successor Gram Panchayat in whose Gram Sabha area the place of assessment of that tax is situated.

(v) Where before the date of exclusion of Gram Sabha area the existing Gram Panchayat has made any contract for the purposes of that Gram Panchayat, that contract shall be deemed to have been made-

(a)   if the purposes of the contract are on and front the day of exclusion of the Gram Sabha area, exclusively purposes of any one of the successor Gram Panchayat, by that successor Gram Panchayat; and .

(b)   if the purposes of the contract are on and from that day not exclusively Purposes of any one of the successor Gram Panchayats, by all the Gram Panchayats;

 

and the rights and liabilities which have accrued or may accrue, under any such contract, shall to the extent to which they would have been the rights and liabilities of the existing Gram Panchayats, be the rights and liabilities of the successor Gram Panchayat, or, as the case may be, the successor Gram Panchayats according to their population ratio.

 

(vi) where the existing Gram Panchayat is a party to any legal proceedings with respect to any property, rights or liabilities subject to apportionment under this section, the successor Gram Panchayat which succeeds to, or acquire a share, In that property or those rights or liabilities, shall he deemed to be substituted or added as a party to those proceedings, and the proceedings may continue accordingly.

 

(vii) The benefit or burden of any assets and liabilities of the existing Gram Panchayat, not dealt with in the forgoing provisions of section shall, pass on to the successor Gram Panchayats in the manner agreed upon between them and in case no such agreement within a period of one year from the date of exclusion of the Gram Sabha area the State Government shall be competent to determine the same at the request of either of the Gram Panchayats.

 

(4) If whole of the Gram Sabha area is included in an urban estate to which the provisions of the Punjab Municipal Act, 1911 or the Punjab. Municipal Corporation Act, 1976, are applicable or In a city, municipality cantonment, or Notified Area under any law for the time being in force, the Gram Sabha and the Gram Panchayat for that area shall cease to exist and the assets and liabilities of the Gram Panchayat shall be disposed of in the prescribed manner.

 

4.         Constitution of Gram Sabhas. (1) The State Government may. by notification establish a Gram Sabha by name for every area declared as Gram Sabha area under section 3.

 

(2) Every person who is entered as voter on the electoral roll prepared by the State Election Commission and for the time being in force pertaining to the area of a Gram Sabha, shall be member of the Gram Sabha.

 

5.         Meeting and quorum of Gram Sabha. (1) Every Gram Sabha shall hold two general meetings In each year, one in the month of December after the harvesting of the Sawni Crop (hereinafter called the Sawni meeting) and the other In the month of June after the harvesting of the Hari crop (hereinafter called the Hari meeting) on such date as may be fixed by the Sarpanch.

            (2)       In the event of his failing to hold two consecutive general meetings of the Gram Sabha, the Sarpanch shall automatically cease to hold office, from the last day of the month in which, the second meeting was to be held and Block Development and Panchayat Officer shall immediately intimate the happening of such cessation to the District Development and Panchayat Officer and on receipt of such information the District Development and Panchayat Officer shall notify this fact to the Panchayat Samiti, Gram Sabha and such a Sarpanch.

            (3)       The Director may reinstate such a Sarpanch on his showing sufficient cause of his default to hold two consecutive meetings within a period of thirty days from the date of the notification of his cessation as Sarpanch under sub-section (2).

            (4)       The Sarpanch should at any time, and where a requisition in writing of the Panchayat Samiti or of not less than one-fifty of the total number of members of the Gram Sabha has been received by him shall within thirty days form the receipt of such requisition, call an extraordinary general meeting of the Gram Sabha.

            (5)       If a general meeting or an extraordinary general meeting is not called as required by sub-section (1) and (4), the Executive Officer of the Panchayat Samiti shall call such a meeting.

            (6)       For any meeting of the Gram Sabha, one-fifth of the total number of its members shall form a quorum:

            Provided that in the case of an adjourned meeting the quorum shall be one-tenth and the provisions of this sub-section shall not apply ot any other meeting of the Gram Sabha held due to adjournment for want of knowledge.

            (7)       The Secretary of the Gram Panchayat and the Gram Sewak shall attend every general meeting of the Gram Sabha an din addition thereto the Gram Panchayat may call any village functionary serving in Gram Sabha area to attend such a meeting and tender advice in respect of any matter coming up before it.

 

6.         Presiding Officer.  Every meeting of the Gram Sabha shall be presided over by the Sarpanch of the Gram Panchayat and in his absence by any Panch to be elected at the time of the meeting.

 

7.         Budget and annual report of Gram Sabha.  The Gram Panchayat shall prepare and lay for approval before the Gram Sabha -

(i)                at its Sawni meeting a budget estimates of its income and expenditure and a plan of development programme for the year commencing on the first day of April, next following; and

(ii)               at its Hari meeting an annual statement of account and an annual report of progress of preceding financial year and development programme proposed to be undertaken during the current year: 

Provided that if a Gram Panchayat fails to present its budget or plan of development programme in the meeting to be held in December the Panchayat Samiti shall prepare the budget and the said plan for such Gram Panchayat and present the same before an extraordinary general meeting of the Gram Sabha specially called for this purpose and the Gram Sabha shall consider the budget and the plan so prepared and presented.

 

8.         Resolution of majority votes.  Any resolution relating to the matters entrusted to the Gram Sabha under this Act, shall have to be passed by a majority of votes of the members present and voting in the meeting of the Gram Sabha.

 

9.         Function of Gram Sabha. The Gram Sabha shall perform the following functions, namely: -

(a)                             to approve annual budget and plan of development programme and review annual statement of accounts and annual progress report;

(b)                             to render assistance In the implementation of development schemes pertaining to the

(c)                             to Identify beneficiaries for the Implementation to development schemes pertaining to the.

 

Provided that in case the Gram Sabha fails to identify the beneficiaries within a reasonable time, the Gram Panchayat shall identify the beneficiaries.

(d)                            to mobilise voluntary labour and contributions in kind or cash or both for the community welfare programmes;

(e)                            to promote programme of adult education and family welfare with- In the

(f)                             to promote unity and harmony among an sections of society In the village;

(g)                            to seek clarifications from the Sarpanch and Panches of the Gram Panchayat about any particular activity, scheme, income and expenditure; and

(h)                            to perform such other functions as may be prescribed.

 

10.       Constitution of Gram Panchayat. (1) Every Gram Sabha shall elect from amongst its members a Gram Panchayat for the Gram Sabha area bearing the name of its Gram Sabha and consisting of a Sarpanch and such number of Panches as indicate below against each slab of population taking Gram Sabha to be a multi-member single constituency, namely: -

 

SN

Population

Number of Panches

1.       

For population exceeding 200 but not exceeding 1,000

Five

2.       

For population exceeding 1,000 but not exceeding 2,000

Seven

3.       

For population exceeding 2,000 but not exceeding 5,000

Nine

4.       

For population exceeding 5,000 but not ex ceding 10,000

Eleven

5.       

For population exceeding 10,000

Thirteen

 

(2) Every Gram Panchayat constituted under this section shall be notified by Its name In the Official Gazettee and It shall by the name so notified come office with effect from the date of its first meeting at which quorum Is present and be a body corporate having perpetual succession and a common seal, and subject to any restriction by or under this Act or any other law, shall have power to acquire, hold, administer and transfer property movable or Immovable, and to enter into contracts and shall by the said name sue and be sued.

 

11.       Reservation of the seats for the offices of the Panches.  (1) The offices of Panches shall be reserved for the Schedules Castes (and Backward Classes) in such a way that the number of offices reserved for Scheduled Castes shall bear, as nearly as may be, the same proportion to the total number of offices (to be filled by direct election) in that Gram Panchayat, as the population of the Schedules Castes to the total population in that Gram Sabha area.

(2)       Not less than one-third of the total number of offices reserved under sub0-section (1) shall be reserved for women belonging to the Schedules Castes.

(3) Not less than one-third (including the number of offices reserved for women belonging to the Scheduled Castes) of the total number of offices (to be filled by direct election) in every Gram Panchayat shall he reserved for women.

(4) One office of Panch shall be reserved for Backward Classes In a Gram Panchayat where population of Backward Classes In the Gram Sabha area is more than twenty per cent of the total population of that Gram Sabha area.

 

12.       Reservation of seats for the office of Sarpanch. (1) Offices of Sarpanch of Gram Panchayats in the district shall be reserved for Scheduled Castes and the number of such offices shall bear, as nearly as may, the same proportion to the total number of offices of Sarpanches in the district as the population of Scheduled Castes in the district bears to the total population of the district:

Provided that not less than one-third of the total number of offices of Sarpanch of Gram Panchayats In the district shall be reserved for women belonging to the Scheduled Castes.

(2) Not less than one-third of the total number of offices of Sarpanches in the district shall be reserved for women including such offices, reserved for women belonging to Scheduled Castes under sub-section (1).

(3) There shall be no reservation in the offices of Sarpanches for Back- ward Classes.

(4) The offices reserved under this section shall be allotted by rotation to the different Gram Panchayats in such manner as may be, prescribed.

 

Explanation - For the removal of doubts it is hereby declared that the principle of rotation for the purpose of reservation of offices under sections 2 and 12 shall commence from the first election to be held after the commencement of this Act.

 

13.       Oath of Panches and Sarpanches. After having been elected and before entering upon the duties of his office, a Panch as well as a Sarpanch shall take an oath as specified In Schedule 1 and in the manner prescribed.

 

14. Term of office of Sarpanch and Panch. Term of offices of Sarpanch and Panch of a Gram Panchayat shall, have as otherwise providing in this Act, co-terminate with the term of the Gram Panchayat.

 

15. Term of office of Gram Panchayat. (1) Every Gram Panchayat unless dissolved earlier under this Act, shall continue for a term of five years from the date of its first meeting.

(2) No amendment of any law for the time being in force shall have the effect of causing dissolution of a Gram Panchayat which Is functioning immediately before such amendment, till the expiration of its duration specified in sub-section (1).

(3) An election to constitute a Gram Panchayat shall be completed-

(a)   before the expiration of term of Its duration specified in sub-section (1);

(b)   before the expiry of period of six mouths from the date of its dissolution:

Provided that where the remainder of the period for which the dissolved Gram Panchayat would have continued is less than six months, it shall not be necessary to hold any election under this clause for constituting the Gram Panchayat for such period.

(4) A Gram Panchayat constituted upon the dissolution of a Gram Panchayat before the expiration of its duration, shall continue only for remainder of the period for which the dissolved Gram Panchayat would have continued under sub-section (1) had It not been so dissolved.

 

16. Powers, functions and duties of Sarpanch. (1) The Sarpanch shall

(a)                         be responsible for convening the meet~ of the Gram Sabha and preside over Its meetings;

(b)                         be responsible for convening the meetings of the Gram Panchayat and shall preside over its meetings;

(c)                         be responsible for the maintenance of the records of the Gram Panchayat;

(d)                         have the general responsibility for the financial and executive administration of the Gram Panchayat;

(e)                         exercise administrative supervision and control over the work of the staff of the Gram Panchayat and the officers and employees whose service may be placed at the disposal of the Gram Panchayat by any other authority;

(f)                          for the transaction of business connected with this Act or for the purpose of making any order authorized thereby, exercise such powers, perform such functions and discharge such duties as may be exercised, performed or discharged by the Gram Panchayat under this Act or the rules made thereunder:

Provided that the Sarpanch shall not exercise such powers, perform such functions or discharge such duties as may be required by the rules made under this Act to be exercised, performed or discharged by the Gram Panchayat at a meeting;

(g) exercise such other powers, perform such other duties as the Gram Panchayat may, by general or special, resolution, direct or as the State Government may by rules made In this behalf, prescribe.

 

17. Resignation of Sarpanch. (1) The Sarpanch may resign his office by writing under his hand addressed to the Deputy Director concerned.

(2) Every resignation under sub-section (1) shall take effect on the expiry of fifteen days from the date of its receipt unless within this period of fifteen days he withdraws such resignation by writing under his hand addressed to the prescribed authority.

 

18 Resignation of Panches. A Panch of a Gram Panchayat may resign his office in writing under his hand addressed to the Deputy Director concerned and his office shall become vacant on the expiry of fifteen days from the date of such resignation unless within the said period of fifteen days, he withdraws such resignation by writing.

 

19. No-Confidence motion against Sarpanch. (1) An application regarding intention to move a motion of no-confidence against a Sarpanch be made to the Block Development and Panchayat Officer by a two-thirds majority of the total number of Panches of the Gram Sabha concerned:

Provided that no such application shall be made unless a period of two years has elapsed from the date on which the Sarpanch assumed his office.

(2) The Block Development and Panchayat Officer shall, within a period of fifteen days of the receipt of application under sub-section (1), convene a meeting of the Gram Sabha by giving seven clear days In notice, for discussing and taking decision on the no-confidence motion.

(3) If the no-confidence motion is carried In the meeting convened under sub-section (2) which shall be presided over by the Block Development and Panchayat Officer or an Officer not below the rank of Social Education and Panchayat Officer authorised by the Block Development and Panchayat Officer In this behalf, by a majority of the members of the Gram Sabha Present and voting concerned, the Sarpanch shall be deemed to have been removed from his office, and a new Sarpanch shall be elected in his place:

 

Provided that if the no-confidence motion is lost another such motion shall not be moved against that Sarpanch before the expiry of two years from the date of its having been lost.

 

20. Suspension and removal of Panch and Sarpanch (1) The Director may, after such enquiry as he may deem fit, remove any Sarpanch or Panch: -

(a)   on any of the grounds mentioned In section 208.

(b)   who refuses to act or becomes incapable of acting;

(c)   who, being a Sarpanch, without reasonable cause, fails to hold meetings of the Gram Panchayat as required under sub-section (1) of section 16 for a period of two consecutive months;

(d)   who, without reasonable cause, absents himself for more than two consecutive months from the meetings of the Gram Panchayat,

(e)   who during his present term of office or that immediately preceding it, has, in the opinion of the Director, been guilty of misconduct in the discharge of his duties; or

(f)    whose continuance in office Is undesirable In the Interests of the public :

Provided that before the Director orders the removal of any Sarpanch or Panch under this sub-section, the reasons for the proposed removal shall be communicated to him and he shall be given an opportunity of tendering an explanation In writing.

 

Explanation: - The expression "misconduct" in clause (e) includes the failure of the Sarpanch or Panch without sufficient cause: -

(i)                         to submit the judicial file of a case within two weeks of the receipt of order of any Court to do so.,

(ii)                        to produce the Panchayat records on being required to do so by an officer of the Department of Rural Development and Panchayats not below the rank of Social Education and Panchayat Officer,-

(iii)                      to carry out the lawful orders of any competent authority or an of- Officer authorised by the State Government In this behalf; and

(iv)                      to supply a copy of the order of the Gram Panchayat in an administrative or judicial case decided by It, within weeks from the receipt of a valid application therefore.

(2) A person, who has been removed under sub-section (1) may be disqualified for re-election for such period not exceeding five years from the date of his removal as the Director may fix.

(3) The Director may Suspend any Sarpanch or Panch where a case against him in respect of any criminal offence is under investigation, enquiry or trial if, in the opinion of the Director, the charge made or proceeding taken against him is likely to embarrass him in the discharge of his duties or involves moral turpitude or defect of character.

(4) The Director at any time, and the Deputy Commissioner or the District Development and Panchayat Officer During the course of an enquiry, may suspend a Sarpanch of Panch for any of the reasons for which he can be removed.

(5) A Sarpanch or Panch, suspended tinder this section shall not take part In any act or proceeding of the Gram Panchayat during the period of suspension and shall hand over the records, money and other property of the Gram Panchayat in his possession or under his control to the Panch as may be elected by the Panches from amongst panches in a meeting called by the Block Development, and Panchayat Officer for this purpose:

(6) Any person aggrieved by an order of removal or suspension passed under this section, may, within a period of thirty days from the date of communication of the order, prefer an appeal to the State Government.

 

21. Cessation from office of Sarpanch or Panch. (1) In case a Sarpanch or Panch fails to deposit the amount assessed to be due from him under section 216 within a period of sixty days from the date on which it is finally determined such Sarpanch or Panch shall cease to hold his office on the day immediately following the date on which the period of sixty days expires and on the happening of such an event the Block Development and Panchayat Officer shall intimate the same to the District Development and Panchayat Officer who shall inform the Panchayat, Samiti, Gram Panchayat and the person who was holding the office of Panch that he had ceased to hold his office from the aforesaid day.

(2) If any question arises whether a Sarpanch or Panch has ceased to hold office under sub-section (1) the same shall be referred to the concerned Deputy Director whose decision shall be final.

(3) In case the Sarpanch or Panch shows sufficient cause for the default to the satisfaction of the Director within a period of thirty days of the date an which he was Informed about his cessation from the office the Director may by an order reinstate him.

 

22. Filling of casual vacancies of Sarpanch and Panches. (1) Whenever a vacancy occurs by death, resignation, removal or otherwise of a Sarpanch or of a Panch the vacancy shall be filled up by way of election:

Provided that if the vacancy relates to the Scheduled Castes, Backward Classes or to Women, the vacancy shall be filled up out of the persons belonging to the category to which category of person the vacancy relates.

(2) A person elected to fill a casual vacancy under sub-section (1) shall be elected for the remainder of his predecessor's term of office:

Provided that where the remainder of period for which a Panch or Sarpanch is to be elected is less than six months, it shall not be, necessary to hold any election under this section to fill such a vacancy.

 

23. Meeting of Gram Panchayat. (1) The meeting of the Gram Panchayat shall be public and shall be held at least once a month at the office of the Gram Panchayat or at some other public place within the Gram Sabha area for which It is established and at such time and date as the Sarpanch may determine and notify.

(2) The Sarpanch, when required in writing by a majority of the Panches to call a special meeting, shall do so within three days failing which these Panches, shall, with the previous approval of the prescribed authority, be entitled to call a meeting after giving a week's notice through the Panchayat Secretary to the Sarpanch and the other Panches.

(3) Seven clear days' notice of an ordinary meeting and three days' clear notice of a special meeting specifying the place, date and time of such meeting and the business to be transacted thereat, shall be given by the Secretary to the Panches and such officers as the State Government may prescribe, and affixed on the notice board of the Gram Panchayats.

 

24. Quorums and Procedure. (1) The majority of Panches for the time being holding office shall form a quorum and if at the time appointed for the meeting, a quorum is not present - 

(a)                             the presiding authority shall wait for thirty minutes, and if within such period there is no quorum, the presiding authority shall adjourn the meeting to such time on the following day or such future day as he may fix;

(b)                             similarly, the presiding authority after waiting for thirty minutes adjourn the meeting if, at any time, after it has begun attention is drawn to the want of a quorum and the business which could not be considered at the meeting postponed under clause (a) for want of quorum, shall be brought before and disposed of at the meeting so fixed or at any subsequent adjourned meeting at which there is a quorum.

(2) Save as otherwise provided by or under this Act, at every meeting of the Gram Panchayat, the Sarpanch and in his absence a Panch elected out of the Panches present shall preside for the occasion.

(3) All questions shall, unless otherwise specifically provided, be decided by a majority of votes of the present and voting and the Sarpanch or Panch presiding, as the case may be, unless he refrains from voting, shall give his vote before declaring the number of votes for and against a question and In the case of equality of votes, he may give his casting vote.

(4) No member of a Gram Panchayat shall vote on, or take part in the discussion of any question coming up for consideration at a meeting of a Gram Panchayat, if the question is one in which apart from its general application to the public, he has any pecuniary interest, and if the person presiding has such an interest, he shall not preside over the meeting when such question comes up for consideration.

(5) If the person presiding Is believed by any member present at the meeting to have any such pecuniary interest in any matter under discussion, and if a motion to that be carried, he shall not preside at the meeting during such discussion or vote on or take part in it and in such a case any member other than that member of the Gram Panchayat may be chosen to preside at the meeting during the continuance of such discussion.

 

25. Standing Committees of Gram Panchayats. (1) Every Gram Panchayat shall constitute the following committees by election, namely. –

(i)                            the Production Committee for performing functions relating to agriculture production, animal husbandry and rural industries and poverty alleviation programmes;

(ii)                           the Social Justice Committee for performing function relating to –

(a)                promotion of education, economic, social, cultural and other interests of the Scheduled Caste, and Backward Classes and other weaker sections.

(b)                protection of such castes and classes from social injustice and any form of exploitation;

(c)                welfare of women and children;

(iii)       the Amenities Committee to perform functions In respect of education, public health, public works and other functions of the Gram Panchayat.

(2)(a) Each Standing Committee shall consist of not less than three and not more than five members including the Sarpanch and the Sarpanch shall be the ex officio member and Chairman of all these Standing Committees:

Provided that the Social Justice Committee shall consist of at least one member who is a woman and one member belonging to the scheduled Castes or Backward Classes.

(b) Each Committee shall be competent to co-opt. In such manner as may be prescribed, members of farmers clubs, mahila mandals, yuvak mandals and other similar bodies recognized by the State Government and representative of co-operative societies in the Gram Panchayat area shall also be co-opted to the Production Committee.

(3) The Standing Committees shall perform the functions referred to in sub-section (2) to the extent the powers are delegated to them by the Gram Panchayat. 1

 

26. Constitution of panchayat Secretaries Service - (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act, the State Government may, be notification, constitute, in the prescribed manner, the Punjab Panchayat Secretaries (hereinafter referred to as the Service):

Provided that the service constituted under section 16 of the Punjab Gram Panchayat Act, 1952 shall be deemed to have been constituted under this Act:

Provided further that the rules for regulating the recruitment, salaries, allowances and other conditions of service of members of the Service made under the Punjab Gram Panchayat Act, 1952 shall also be deemed to be made under this Act till such rules are modified, altered or newly framed by the State Government under this Act.

(2) The Secretary shall be incharge of the office of the Gram Panchayat and shall perform all the duties and exercise all the powers imposed or conferred upon him by or under this Act or any rules or bye-laws made thereunder.

(3) Subject to rules as may be prescribed by the State Government regarding discipline and control, the Secretary shall act in all matters under the control of the Sarpanch through whom he shall be responsible to the Gram Panchayat.

 

27. Other employees of the Gram Panchayats. Subject to such rules as may be prescribed in this behalf and with the previous approval of Panchayat Samiti, a Gram Panchayat may employ such other employees m are considered necessary for carrying out the duties imposed on it by this Act.

 

28. Provident Fund and gratuity for servants. A Gram Panchayat may, in accordance with rules made under this Act-

(a)                             establish and maintain a provident fund on behalf of its employee and

(b)                             grant a gratuity to any servant subject to the previous approval of the Director Panchayats.

 

29. Dissolution of Gram Panchayat. (1) If in the State Government, a Gram Panchayat abuses its powers or is not competent to perform or makes persistent defaults in the performance of its duties under this Act or willfully disregards any instructions given or directions issued by the Panchayat Samiti or Zila Parishad or any instructions issued by the State Government arising out of the audit of accounts of the Gram Panchayat or inspection of work, the State Government may, after giving the Gram Panchayat an opportunity to render explanation, by an order published, alongwith the reasons thereof, in the Official Gazette, dissolve such Gram Panchayat.

            (2)  When a Gram Panchayat is dissolved under sub-section (1) -

(i)                Sarpanch, and all Panches shall vacate their offices forthwith;

(ii)               All powers and duties of the Gram Panchayats during its dissolution, shall be exercised and performed by such person or persons as the State Government may appoint in this behalf; and

(iii)       all property in the possession of the Gram Panchayat shall be he by the State Government.

(3) Upon dissolution of Gram Panchayat under sub-section (1), the State Government shall reconstitute a Gram panchayat as specified under section 10 and election to reconstitute such Gram Panchayat shall be completed before the expiration of a period of six months from the date of dissolution:

Provided that where the remainder of the period for which the dissolved Gram Panchayat would have continued is less than six months, it shall not be necessary to hold any election under this sub-section for reconstituting the Gram Panchayat for such period.

(4)  Gram Panchayat reconstituted upon the dissolution of the existing Gram Panchayat before the expiration or its duration, shall continue only for the remainder of the period for which the dissolved Gram Panchayat would have continued under section 15 had it not been so dissolved.

 

CHAPTER – III

FUNCTIONS, POWERS AMD DUTIES OF GRAM

 PANCHAYATS

30.  Functions of Gram Panchayats.  Subject to such conditions as may be prescribed by the State Government from time to time, the Gram Panchayat having regard to the availability of funds at its disposal, shall perform the function specified below: -

(I) General function -

(i)                               Preparation of annual plans for the development of the panchayat area;

(ii)                              Preparation of annual budget;

(iii)                            Mobilising reliefs in natural calamities including relief to the poor;

(iv)                            Removal or encroachments on public properties;

(v)                             Organizing voluntary labour and contribution for community works;

(vi)                            Maintenance of essential statistics of village;

(vii)                          Rendering assistance and implementation of development schemes pertaining to the village through its Gram Sabha;

(viii)                         Promotion of unity and harmony among all the sections of society in the village;

(II)      Construction, repair and maintenance of community assets -

(a)               any public place including its sanitation and drains;

(b)               wells, water-pumps, baolies, springs, ponds and tanks for the supply of water for drinking, washing and bathing;

(c)               burial and cremation grounds;

(d)               the lighting of public places;

(e)               buildings for the accommodation of travelers;

(f)                ponds for animals, cattle and sheds for cart, bicycle, rickshaw, and auto stand;

(g)               public gardens, playgrounds, establishment and maintenance of recreation parks, organization of games and sports, supply of sports materials and holding of tournaments;

(h)               libraries and reading-rooms;

(i)                 the construction, repair and maintenance of public places and buildings of public utility under its own control or transferred to it by the State Government or any other authority;

(j)                 allotment of places for preparation and conservation of manure, and shifting them to far away places;

(k)               construction and maintenance of culverts and bridges; and slaughter-houses;

(l)                 the laying out of new roads and pathways and maintenance of existing ones;

(m)             supply of water for domestic use and for cattle;

(n)               community listening;

(o)               prevention and control of pollution;

(p)               maintenance of boats, ferries and all water ways;

(q)               promotion of family welfare and population control;

(r)                cleaning of public roads, drains, tanks, wells and other public places;

(s)               construction and maintenance of public latrines;

(t)                disposal of unclaimed corpses and carcasses;

(u)               manatgement and control of washing and bathing ghats.

III       Agriculture Including Agriculture Extension –

(a)               Promotion and development of Agriculture and horticulture;

(b)               Development of waste lands;

(c)               Development and maintenance of grazing lands and preventing their unauthorized alienation and use;

(d)               Destruction of weeds and pests;

(e)               Training and carrying out schemes for the improved methods of cultivation and management of lands to increase production;

(f)                The organization of young Farmers Clubs;

(g)               Promotion of agricultural credit and of measures including establishment of provision and implement stores and credit centers to relieve rural indebtedness and poverty.

(IV)     Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Poultry-

(a)               Improvement of breed of cattle, poultry and other livestock;

(b)               Promotion of dairy farming, poultry and piggery;

(c)               Grass-land development, preparation and distribution of improved variety of seeds of fodder and grass;

(d)               The voluntary registration of sales of cattle, camels and horses;

(e)               Collection and destruction of stray animals;

(f)                First-aid centers, dispensaries and hospitals for animals including their health-care.

(V)       Fisheries

            Promotion and development of fisheries in the village. 

 

(VI)     Social and Farm Forestry, Minor Forest Produce Fuel and Fodder -

(a)               Planting and preservation of trees on the sides of roads and other public lands under its control;

(b)               Fuel plantations and fodder development.

(c)               Promotion of farm forestry;

(d)               Development of social forestry.

(VII)    Khadi, Village and Cottage Industries -

(a)               Promotion of Agro based rural and cottage industries;

(b)               Organization of awareness caps, seminars and training programmes, agricultural and industrial exhibitions for the benefit of the rural areas.

(VIII)  Rural Housing -

(a)               Distribution of house sites within its jurisdiction;

(b)               Maintenance of records relating to the house sites and other private and public properties.

(IX)     Rural Electrification including Distribution of Electricity -

            providing for and maintenance of lighting of public streets and other places.

(X)       Non-Conventional Energy Source

(a)               promotion and development of non-conventional energy schemes;

(b)               maintenance of community non-conventional energy devices, including bio-gas plants;

(c)               propagation of improved chulhas and other efficient energy devices.

(XI)     Poverty Alleviation Programme -

(a)               promotion of public awareness and participation in poverty alleviation programmes for fuller employment and creation productive assets etc.;

(b)               selection of beneficiaries under various programmes through Gram Sabhas;

(c)               participation in effective implementation and monitoring.

(XII)    Education including primary and secondary schools -

(a)               Promotion of public awareness and participation in primary and secondary education;

(b)               ensuring full enrolment and attendance in primary schools and its management;

(c)               providing such educational facilities as may be deemed necessary and desirable.

(XIII)  Adult and Non-formal Education-Promotion of Adult Literacy-

(XIV)   Cultural Activities -

(a)               promotion of social and cultural activities;

(b)               the organisation of Mahila Madals, orgnisation of Youth Clubs for promoting games and sports and execution of development, social and cultural activities in the Sabha areas;

(XV)        Fairs and festivals –

(a)               organisation and celebration of public festivals and fairs other than religious festivals;

(b)               to organise, regulate and control local markets for sale and purchase of any product;

(XVI)     Public Health and Family Welfare –

(a)               implementation of family welfare and population control programmes;

(b)               prevention and remedial measures against epidemics;

(c)               regulation of sale of meat, fish and other perishable food articles;

(d)               participation in programmes of human and animal vaccination;

(e)               licensing of eating and entertainment establishments;

(f)                destruction of stray dogs;

(g)               regulation of curing, tanning and dyeing of skins and hides;

(h)               regulation of offensive and dangerous trades;

(XVII)  Women and Child Development –

(a)               participation in the implementation of women and child welfare programmes;

(b)               promotion of school health and nutrition programmes;

(c)               establishment, maintenance and management of maternity and child welfare centres and the construction and repair of all buildings connected therewith;

(XVIII)                      Social Welfare including welfare of the handicapped and mentally retarded –

(a)               participation in the implementation of the social welfare  programmes, including welfare of the handicapped, mentally retarded and destitute;

(b)               monitoring of the old age and widows pension schemes.

(XIX)     Welfare of weaker: sections and in particular the Scheduled Caste

(a)               promotion of public awareness with regard to welfare of Scheduled castes and other weaker sections;

(b)               participation in the implementation of the specific programmes for the welfare of the weaker sections;

(XX)        Public Distribution System –

(a)               promotion of public awareness with regard to the distribution of essential commodities;

(b)               monitoring the public distribution system.

 

31. Assignment of functions of Gram Panchayats. (1) The State Government may, by notification and subject to such conditions as may be specified thereunder, assign to the Gram Panchayat such other functions which may be deemed fit and proper for proper control, management and administration of the Gram Panchayats.

(2) The State Government shall from time to time allot to the Gram Panchayat such funds or place at the disposal of the Gram Panchayat such sources of income as it may deem proper and sufficient for proper discharge of functions to be entrusted under sub-section (1).

 

32. Special functions of Gram Panchayat It shall be the duty of the Gram Panchayat within the Gram Sabha area to perform

(a)           the duties of the panchayat under the Punjab Village and Small Town Patrol Act, 1918 or any other law for the time being in force; and

(b)           such duties of village headman in connection with village watchman as the State Government may prescribe by rules under section 39-A of the Punjab Laws Act, 1872 or any other law for the time being in force.

33.  Delegated functions of Gram Panchayats -(1) - Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Act or any other laws for the time being in force, the Panchayat Samiti or Zila Parsihad may as the case may be, and shall if so required by the State Government delegate, transfer any duty, function or property for proper and efficient control, management and administration to the Gram Panchayat;

(2)       The Panchayat Samiti or Zila Parishad, as the case may be, shall place sufficient funds at the disposal of the Gram Panchayat for performance of the duties so delegated for proper control and administration of the properties so transferred to the Gram Panchayat in case of default, the State Government may by order in writing direct the person having the custody of Panchayat Samiti Fund of Zila Parishad Fund to place funds at the disposal of the Gram Panchayat.

 

34. Power to require removal of encroachments and nuisance. (1) A Gram Panchayat either suo moto or on receiving a report or other information and on taking such evidence, if any, as it thinks fit, may make a conditional order requiring within a time to be fixed in the order. –

(a)       the owner or the occupier of any building or land -

(a)               to remove any encroachment on a public street, place or drain;

(ii)        to close, remove, alter, repair, cleanse, disinfect or put in good order any latrine, urinal, water-closet, drain cesspool or other receptacle for filth, sullage-water, rubbish or refuse or to remove or alter any door or trap or construct any drain for any such latrine, urinal or watercloset which opens on to any street drain, or to shut off such latrine, urinal or water-closet by a sufficient roof and wall or fence from the view of persons passing by or dwelling in the neighbourhood;

(iii)       to cleanse, repair, cover, fill up, drain off deepen or to remove water from a private wall tank, reservoir, pool, pit, ditch, depression or excavation therein which may appear to the Gram Panchayat to be injurious or offensive to the neighbourhood;

(iv)       to remove any dirt, dung, night-soil, manure or any noxious, or offensive matter therefrom and to cleanse the land or building;

(b)       the owner of any wall or building, which is deemed by the Gram Panchayat to be in any way dangerous, to remove or repair such wall or building; 

(c)              the owner or occupier of any building, or property to keep his building or property in a sanitary state;

(d)              the owner of any dog or other animal suffering or reasonably suspected to be suffering from rabies or which is dangerous to destroy or confine or cause to be confined such dog or animal;

(e)              the owner or occupier of any agricultural land to destroy pohli or any other such harmful weed from such land;

(f)               the owner or occupier concerned to reclaim an unhealthy place;

(g)              the owner or occupier of any building or land to maintain in proper repair the level and surface of any road or street passing in front of the building or through his land;

(h)              the  owner or person-in-charge of a private “Khal” to keep it in a state of reasonable repair;

or if he objects so to do, to appear before it, at a time and place to be fixed by the order, and to move to have the order set aside or modified in the manner hereinafter provided.

(2)              If the owner or occupier of any building or land does not perform such act or appear and show cause the order shall be made absolute and if he appears and show cause against the order the Gram Panchayat shall take evidence and if it is satisfied that the order is not reasonable and proper no further proceedings shall be taken in the case and if it is not so satisfied the order shall be made absolute.

(3)              If such an act is not performed within the time fixed, the Gram Panchayat may cause it to be performed and may recover the costs of performing it from such person.

 

35.  Power of Gram Panchayat to make general order.  A Gram Panchayat may by general order to be published in the manner prescribed

(a)              prohibit the use of water of a well, pond or other excavation suspected to be dangerous to the public health;

(b)              regulate or prohibit the watering of cattle or bathing or washing at or near wells, ponds, or other excavations, reserved for drinking water;

(c)              regulate or prohibit the steeping of hemp or any other plant in or near ponds or other excavations within two hundred and twenty yards of the residential area of a village;

(d)              regulate or prohibit the dyeing or tanning of skins within four hundred and forty yards of the residential area of a village;

(e)              regulate or prohibit the excavation of earth;

(f)               regulate or prohibit the establishment of brick-kilns and charcoal kilns within eight hundred and eighty yards and pottery kilns within two hundred and twenty yards of the residential area of the village;

(g)              direct that the carcasses of all dying within the village except animals slaughtered for consumption shall not be disposed of within a radius of four hundred and forty yards of the residential area of the village;

Provided that nothing shall be done under this clause to interfere with the legal rights of any person;

(h)              regulate the construction of new buildings or the extensions or alterations of any existing buildings or the abadi;

(i)                regulate with the previous permission of the State Government the parking of public vehicles;

(j)                regulate such a matters as may be necessary for the general protection of standing crops and trees on common land and the planting of such trades;

(k)              regulate the observance of sanitation and taking curative and preventive measures to remove and prevent the spread of epidemics;

(l)                regulate the maintenance of water courses meant for irrigation purposes;

(m)            regulate the killing of stray dogs;

(n)              regulate the slaughter of animals; and

(o)              prohibit beggary;

(p)              direct the taking of measure for the prevention of waterlogging;

(q)              regulate the flaying and disposal of dead animals;

(r)               prohibit the sale of harmful eatables within the gram sabha area;

(s)               regulate offensive and dangerous trades or practices.

 

36.  Penalty for disobedience of special or general order of the Gram Panchayat Any person who disobeys an order of the Gram Panchayat made under sections 34 and 35 shall be liable to a penalty which may extend to fifty rupees and if the breach is a continuing breach, with a further penalty which may extend to five rupees for every day after the first day during which the breach continues:

Provided that the recurring penalty shall not exceed the sum of rupees five hundred.

 

37.  Appeal against orders of Gram Panchayat Any person aggrieved by an order of the Gram Panchayat made under section 36 may, within a period of thirty days of the date of such order, prefer an appeal to the District Development and Panchayat Officer whose decision shall be final and shall not be liable to be questioned in any court of law.

 

38.  power to enquire and make report about misconduct of petty officials. (1) On a complaint being made to the Gram Panchayat by any person that a peon, bailiff, constable, chaukidar, patrol of Department of Irrigation, Forest guard, Patwari, or vaccinator, canal overseer, head constable, game wather or any other class of public servants to which the State Government may, by notification, extend the provisions of this section has misconducted himself in his official capacity, the Gram Panchayat may enquire into the matter and submit a report along with the prima-facie evidence to the superior officer whom it may concern, or to the Deputy Commissioner.

(2)  The authority referred to in sub-section (1) shall, after such further enquiry as may be required, take suitable action and inform the Gram Panchayat of the result;

Provided that nothing in this section shall be construed as empowering the Gram Panchayat to summon any such officials or to exercise control disciplinary or otherwise, over them.

 

39. Supervision of patwaris.  On the report being made by any person that a patwari or Chaukidar has failed to perform any duty imposed upon him by any law, the Gram Panchayat may by notice fixing a reasonable period require him to perform the said duty and on his failure to do so shall report the matter to the superior officer whom it may concern, or to the Deputy Commissioner and the result of the action taken thereon shall be communicated to the Gram Panchayat.

 

40.  Power to introduce prohibition. (1) A Gram Panchayat, may by a resolution supported by at least two-thirds of panches holding office for the time being passed at any time on or after the first day of April, and on or before 30th day of September in any year, direct that intoxicating liquor be not sold at any licensed shop within the Gram Sabha area, notwithstanding any resolution passed by an empowered local body under section 5 of the Punjab Local Option Act, 1923, or any other law for the time being in force, such resolution shall be effective from the first day of April, of the year following the date when it is so passed and shall immediately be communicated to the Excise and Taxation commissioner, Punjab.

(2)       Notwithstanding anything contained in the Punjab Excise Act, 1914, and the rules made therunder, or any other law for the time being in force, with regard to the powers and functions of the Collector under the said Act, such a resolution will be binding upon the Excise and Taxation Commissioner, Punjab:

Provided that if the Excise and Taxation Commissioner, Punjab is of opinion for reasons to be recorded in writing that within such local area illicit distillation or smuggling of alcohol has been carried on or connived at, within two years preceding the date of the passing of such resolution, in such local area, such resolution shall not be binding upon him, unless the State Government orders that it shall be so binding.

 

41.  Power to make Bye-laws. (1)  a gram Panchayat may, from time to time, make bye-laws consistent with this Act and with rules made therunder generally for carrying out all or any of the purposes of this Act.

(2)  In making a bye-law under sub-section (1) the Gram Panchayat may direct that a breach of it shall be punishable with fine, which may extend to fifty rupees and if breach is continuous with a further fine of two rupees for every day after first during which the breach continues.

(3)  The power conferred under this section to make bye-laws is subject to the condition of previous publication for such time and in such manner as the Director may determine, and no bye-law shall come into force until it has been confirmed by the Director.

 

42.  Power of entry and Inspection.  The Sarpanch of the Gram Panchayat and, if authorized in writing in this behalf by the Gram Panchayat, any other panch may enter into or upon any building or land, with or without assistant or workmen, in order to make an inspection or survey or to execute a work which a Gram Panchayat is authorized by this Act or rules or bye-laws made therunder to make or execute, or which it is necessary for a Gram Panchayat for any of the purposes or in pursuance of any of the provisions of the provisions of this Act or of rules or bye-laws, to make or execute:

Provided that –

(a)                             except when it is under this Act otherwise expressly provided no such entry shall be made between sun-set and sun-rise;

(b)                             sufficient notice shall in every instance be given even when any premises can otherwise be entered without notice to enable the inmates of an apartment occupied by women to remove themselves to some part of the premises where their privacy shall not be disturbed; and

(c)                             due regard shall always be had to the social and religious usages of the occupants of the premises entered.

43.  Power regarding naming of streets and numbering of buildings.

(1)  A Gram Panchayat may -

(a)    cause a name to be given to a street by affixing it to or painting it on any building or otherwise in such a position or manner as it may think fit;

(b)    cause a number to be affixed to or painted on any building in such a position or manner as it may think fit.

(2)  The Gram Panchayat may require the owner or occupier of any building to paint thereon a number or itself cause such a number to be painted on any building.

(3)  Any person destroying, pulling down, defacing or altering any name plate of a street or number affixed to or painted on a building under sub-sections (1) and (2) or affixing to or painting on a building a different name or number from that affixed or painted by or under the order of the Gram Panchayat, shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine which may extend to fifty rupees.

 

 

 

CHAPTER – IV

JUDICIAL FUNCTIONS OF GRAM PANCHAYATS

44. Powers and jurisdiction of Gram Panchayat over criminal offences. (1) Gram Panchayat shall exercise powers and shall have jurisdiction over matters laid down in Schedule II.

(2) For the purpose of deciding whether an offence falls within the jurisdiction of a Gram Panchayat, the provisions of sections 178 to 181 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 shall apply.

(3) A Gram Panchayat shall be deemed to be criminal court when trying criminal cases.

 

45. Transfer of proceedings. Any Magistrate before whom a complaint or report by the Police of any offence triable by a Gram Panchayat Is brought or who takes cognizance of any such offence upon his own knowledge or suspicion shall transfer the proceedings to a Gram Panchayat of competent jurisdiction:

Provided that a Chief Judicial Magistrate may for reasons to be recorded in writing, transfer any criminal case from Gram Panchayat to another Gram Panchayat of competent jurisdiction or to another court subordinate to him.

 

46.  Exclusion of certain case.  (1) Subject to the provisions of sub-section (3), no Gram Panchayat shall take cognizance of any offence under the Indian Penal Code, 18960, in which either complainant or the accused is a public servant.

            (2)  When information relating to the commission of a cognizable offence triable by a Gram Panchayat has been given to an officer incharge of a police station, he shall forthwith send a copy of the First Information Report, to the Gram Panchayat competent to try such an offence and such Gram Panchayat shall not proceed to try any complaint relating to the same facts nor shall it issue any summons in the matter, until the officer has intimated in writing that the investigation has been concluded;

            Provided that such an officer shall send the information to the Gram Panchayat after the conclusion of the investigation.

            (3)  No criminal cases shall be heard, by any Gram panchayat when criminal case on substantially the same facts against the same facts against the same person has been heard and finally decided by the competent court or Gram Panchayat or is pending therein, or before it.

 

47.  Cognizance of criminal cases. (1)  A criminal case before a Gram panchayat shall be instituted on a complaint in writing and on payment of fee prescribed in Schedule III by presenting it in person to the Sarpanch, and in his absence, to any Panch or by sending it by registered post Gram Panchayat :                                               

Provided that If the court fee stamp is not available at the place where the Gram Panchayat ordinarily sits or at the place from where the complaint is sent an equivalent amount may be paid in cash sent to the Gram Panchayat by money order.

(2) The particulars of the complaint shall be recorded by the Secretary the Gram Panchayat in the register prescribed for the purpose.

(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1). a Gram Panchayat shall be competent to take cognizance suo moto of cases falling under sections 160, 228, 264, 277, 289, 290, 294, 510 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 and under sections 3 and 4 of the Punjab Juvenile Smoking Act, 1918.

 

48. Action on complaint. (1) The Gram Panchayat may, after examining the complainant and the witnesses, if any, and after such further enquiry, as it may deem necessary, either dismiss the complaint or summons accused.

(2) The Gram Panchayat may dismiss the case if the complainant is absent on any day fixed for hearing of the case or for want of prosecution and such order shall, subject to the provisions of sub-section (3), operate as an acquittal.

(3) If the complainant satisfies the Gram Panchayat that his absence for want of prosecution of the case on his part was due to a sufficient cause, the Gram Panchayat may set aside the order of dismissal and revive the proceedings:

Provided that no order of dismissal shall be set aside unless: -

(i)                               an application for the purpose is made by the complainant within thirty days of the passing of such order; and

(ii)                              a notice of the application has been served upon the accused if the dismissal was made after appearance of the accused before the Gram Panchayat.

 

49. Power of Gram Panchayat to refuse to entertain criminal case. (1) If at any time it appears to the Gram Panchayat that the offence is one for which the sentence which the Grain Panchayat is competent to pass would be Inadequate, It shall send the record of the case by order in writing to the Chief Judicial Magistrate.

 

50. Proceeding on failure of the accused to appear. (1) If the accused fails to appear or cannot be found, the Gram Panchayat shall report the facts to the Magistrate having jurisdiction over the area.

(2) The Magistrate shall Issue the summons or warrant for the arrest of he accused and in case of a warrant, shall direct by endorsement on the warrant that if such person executes a bond in certain amount with or without sureties for his attendance before himself in the manner provided in section 71 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, he shall be released from custody.

(3) When the accused appears before the Magistrate he may direct him to execute a bond with or without sureties in the amount to be named to appear before the Gram Panchayat at its next meetings and it shall be the duty of such accused to enquire the date and time of the next meeting of the Gram Panchayat.

(4) On his failure to execute such a bond if required to do so under sub- section (3) of the Magistrate shall order that the accused may be produced in custody before the Gram Panchayat at its next meeting.

(5) If the accused fails to appear before the Gram Panchayat after executing a bond under sub-section (3) the Gram Panchayat shall report the fact m the bond was executed and such Magistrate before whom the bond was executed and such Magistrate shall proceed under sub-section (2) to compel the attendance of the accused amount of bond under Chapter XXXIII of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.

 

51. Prompt disposal of criminal cases. (1) The Gram Panchayat shall, if possible, try a criminal case and pass orders on the day on which the accused appears and. If that is not possible may, if he is not already on ball, require him to execute a bond with or without sureties for a sum not exceeding five hundred rupees to appear before the Gram Panchayat on any subsequent day or days to which the trial may be adjourned.

(2) The amount of bond to be executed under sub-section (1) if, forfeited shall be recoverable by the Gram Panchayat as if were a fine imposed by it.

(3) If the accused fails to execute the bond required by sub-section (1) the Gram Panchayat shall inform the Magistrate of the fact and the date fixed, for the next hearing and the Magistrate shall proceed as provided under sub- sections (4) and (5) of section 50.

 

52. Punishment. A Gram Panchayat may on conviction –

(a) sentence the accused to a fine not exceeding two hundred rupees or double the value of the damage or loss caused by this Act, whichever is greater :

Provided that no fine shall exceed the maximum fine prescribed by the law for that offence:

(b) discharge him after due admonition.

(c) require him to execute within such time as the Gram Panchayat may fix, a bond with or without sureties of an amount not exceeding one hundred rupees, binding himself that he will not be again guilty of an offence triable by the Gram Panchayat for any period not exceeding twelve months, or

(d) where in the opinion of Gram Panchayat he is under eighteen years of age, require his father or his guardian to execute within such time as the Gram Panchayat may fix, a bond with or without sureties of an amount not exceeding one hundred rupees, binding himself to prevent such offender from committing any offence triable by the Gram Panchayat for any period not exceeding twelve months.

(2)       The amount of any bond taken under clauses (c) and (d) of the foregoing sub-section if forfeited, shall be recoverable by the Gram Panchayat as if it were a fine imposed by itself and if the accused or his father or his guardian as the case may be, fails to execute such a bond within the time fixed the accused shall be punishable with fine which may extend to one hundred rupees.

(3)       Where a Gram Panchayat imposes a fine under the provisions of this section and such fine is not paid as required it shall record an order declaring the amount of fine imposed and that it has not been paid, and shall forward the same to0 the nearest Judicial Magistrate who shall proceed to execute it as if were an order passed by himself, and such Judicial Magistrate may also sentence the accused to imprisonment in default of payment.