• Confession - When a person is in police custody, the confession made by him even to a third person, that is other than a police officer, shall also become inadmissible - This provision applies even to those confessions which are made to a police officer who may not otherwise be acting as such - If he is a police officer and  confession was made in his presence, in whatever capacity, the same becomes inadmissible in evidence - Indian Evidence Act,  1872,  Section 25.   Held, The philosophy behind the aforesaid provision is acceptance of a harsh reality that confessions are extorted by the police officers by practicing oppression and torture or even inducement and, therefore, they are unworthy of any credence. The provision absolutely excludes from evidence against the accused a confession made by him to a police officer. This provision applies even to those confessions which are made to a police officer who may not otherwise be acting as such. If he is a police officer and  confession was made in his presence, in whatever capacity, the same becomes inadmissible in evidence. (2016)3 P.L.R.SC 670