Cr.P.C. (2 of 1974), Section 321 - The said provision confers authority on the Public Prosecutor to withdraw from the prosecution of any person accused of an offence, both when no evidence is taken and even if the entire evidence has been taken - The outer limit for exercising the said power is guided by the expression "at any time before the judgment is pronounced". (2018)2 SCeJ 1519


Cr.P.C. (2 of 1974), Section 321, 397 - Application filed by the Deputy Director of Prosecution wherefrom it is manifest that the Government had no objection in withdrawing the case and the decision of the Government has been filed along with the application -  Trial court observed that it has gone through the petition and is satisfied that the grounds stated therein are sufficient for giving consent to withdraw the case and that on analyzing materials that there is no possibility of success in the criminal case and, therefore, the withdrawal from prosecution is necessary for the better advancement of public justice - It is clearly manifest that the Public Prosecutor had not applied his mind but had only placed the Government notification on record - Public Prosecutor or an Assistant Public Prosecutor, as the case may be, has an important role under the statutory scheme and is expected to act as an independent person - He/she has to apply his/her own mind and consider the effect of withdrawal on the society in the event such permission is granted -  In the case at hand, as is evincible, the learned Chief Judicial Magistrate has dwelt upon the merits and expressed an opinion that the case is not likely to end in conviction - It is a case where the Public Prosecutor had acted like a post office and the learned Chief Judicial Magistrate has passed an order not within the parameters of Section 321 CrPC - He should have applied the real test stipulated under Section 321 CrPC and the decisions of this Court but that has not been done – Order set aside. (2018)2 SCeJ 1519

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