Evidence Act, 1872, Section 35 - Public document - Birth register maintained by the statutory authorities is a public document - Government Almanac, is a public record maintained by the Trivandrum Public Library (Government of Kerala) - An entry in any public or other official book, register or record, stating a fact in issue or relevant fact, and made by a public servant in the discharge of his official duty, or by any other person in performance of a duty specially enjoined by the law in accordance with which such book, register or record is kept, is itself a relevant fact, as per section 35 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872.2019 SCeJ 132
Penal Code, 1860, S. 304B, 498A - Evidence Act, 1872, Section 113B – Death by burning using kerosene oil within seven years of marriage - Demands for dowry and ill-treatment/cruelty on failure to meet the said demands evident from the evidence of father - Death was on account of burn injuries caused by use of kerosene proved - All the three ingredients necessary to draw the presumption of commission of the offence under Section 304B IPC have been proved and established - Consequently, presumption under Section 113-B of the Indian Evidence Act has to be drawn against the accused - In the absence of any defence evidence to rebut the same, the Court has to hold the accused guilty of the offence under Section 304B IPC - On same consideration, offence under Section 498¬A must also be held to be proved .2019 SCeJ 87
Evidence Act, 1872 - Document is executed in multiple parts - Each part being executed by one or other of the parties - Each part is primary evidence as against the party signing the same - The other copy of the registered document which has all the characteristics of the First document is primary evidence. (2019-1) Punjab Law Reporter 323
Evidence Act, 1872 (1 of 1872) S. 65-B(4) – C.D. – Secondary evidence.
Requires production of certificate by the person, who has received such audio version as in the present case - The electronic record cannot be led by way of secondary evidence, unless and until requirement of Section 65-B of the Act are satisfied - CD has to be accompanied by a certificate in terms of Section 65-B of the Act obtained at the time of taking the document, without which, the secondary evidence pertaining to that electronic record is inadmissible.
(2018-4) *PUNJAB LAW REPORTER*
Evidence Act, 1872 (1 of 1872), Section 65B(4) - Legal position on the subject on the admissibility of the electronic evidence, especially by a party who is not in possession of device from which the document is produced - Such party cannot be required to produce certificate under Section 65B(4) of the Evidence Act - The applicability of requirement of certificate being procedural can be relaxed by Court wherever interest of justice so justifies - The applicability of procedural requirement under Section 65B(4) of the Evidence Act of furnishing certificate is to be applied only when such electronic evidence is produced by a person who is in a position to produce such certificate being in control of the said device and not of the opposite party - In a case where electronic evidence is produced by a party who is not in possession of a device, applicability of Sections 63 and 65 of the Evidence Act cannot be held to be excluded - In such case, procedure under the said Sections can certainly be invoked - If this is not so permitted, it will be denial of justice to the person who is in possession of authentic evidence/witness but on account of manner of proving, such document is kept out of consideration by the court in absence of certificate under Section 65B(4) of the Evidence Act, which party producing cannot possibly secure - Thus, requirement of certificate under Section 65B(4) is not always mandatory - Evidence Act, 1872 (1 of 1872), Sections 63 and 65.(2018)2 SCeJ 1457
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA