• Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 (25 of 1955) S. 11, 23(1)(a) - Option is given to either party to seek a declaration of invalidity and/or nullity of such marriage - Once remedy under Section 11 of the Act is available to "any party" and not to the aggrieved party, it cannot be said that the party who is performing second marriage and seeking declaration of that marriage to be a nullity, is precluded from filing petition under Section 11 of the Act - To put it differently, the provisions of Section 23(1)(a) of the Act would not debar such spouse from presenting a petition under Section 11 of the Act seeking declaration that the second marriage is nullity and  void. (178) P.L.R.